Lolium temulentum

Lolium temulentum L.


  • Bearded Darnel
  • Darnel
  • Darnel Rye-grass
  • Poison Rye-grass
  • danaqeh دنقة
  • dawsar دوسر
  • hashishat al-faras حشيشة الفرس
  • rwiteh رويطة
  • sheilam شيلم
  • zawan muskir زوان مسكر
  • zawan زوان
  • זוּן מְשַׁכֵּר
  • zon meshaker


  • Cultivated areas (weeds)

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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Lolium temulentum L.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses
System/State Traditional
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/ Administration
Parts Used Source



Make poultice from plant grains cooked in little water & mashed; apply to boil after first opening with a lancet

Seed Z
Musculoskeletal/ Joints


Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

Decoct aerial parts & drink x1 cup as needed. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

Aerial parts B
Nervous system



Decoct aerial parts & drink x1 cup as needed. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

Aerial parts B


Visual health

Mix powdered grains + "joreisa" (pods of Onobrychis squamosa) + "habb el-kamh" (wheat grains) + "fadi" (crystallized sugar); apply to cloth soaked with milk from a woman nursing a female infant; apply milk drops to eye. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS)

Seed Z

Against poisoning; causes diarrhea & removes poisons from body


Grate fruit & eat. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

Fruit Z

The authors of FLORAPALE, (Flora Palaestina Ethnobotanical) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes. See DISCLAIMER.

1.Lolium temulentum can be toxic due to its common (>80%) infection by an endophytic fungus (Neotyphodium genus ) which produces toxic alkaloids that cause drunken nausea & can be fatal if taken orally. The botanical / latin name, temulentus, "drunk," describes this condition.
2. Z notes in recipes used to treat poisoning that it causes diarrhea.