Bryonia syriaca

Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany

Bryonia syriaca Boiss.


  • Syrian Bryony
  • el-jarmu'a الجرموعة
  • dla'at nakhash surit
  • דְּלַעַת-נָחָשׁ סוּרִית

Hemicryptophyte,  Climber

  • Mediterranean maquis and forest
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Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Bryonia syriaca Boiss.

System/State Traditional
Activity / Interpretation
Preparation/ Administration
Parts Used



Decoct root in water, cool, strain & take 1 large tablespoon + sugar x2/day.

Aerial parts Z

The authors of FLORAPALE, (Flora Palaestina Ethnobotanical) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes. See DISCLAIMER.



Byronia genus contains species whose roots are powerful laxatives, emetics & can cause severe skin irritation. All parts of plants & roots contain toxic cucurbitacins & are considered poisonous. They may cause abortion, anuria, blisters, colic collapse, convulsions, cramps, dermatosis, diarrhea, dizziness, emesis, nephrosis, neursis. Byronia species are likely unsafe at low doses while larger doses may cause fatal poisoning. Touching fresh bryonia can cause skin irritation. Eating berries can cause death.