Cotoneaster nummularius

Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany

Cotoneaster nummularius Fisch. & C.A.Mey.


  • Cotoneaster nummularia F. et Mey. var. ovalifolia Boiss.
  • Coinwort Cotoneaster
  • Nummular-leaved Cotoneaster
  • shir-khisht شير خشت
  • khavushit
  • חַבּוּּשִׁית

Phanerophyte shrub

  • Tragacanth shrub vegetation (Oro-Mediterranean)
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Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Cotoneaster nummularius Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

System/State Traditional
Activity / Interpretation
Preparation/ Administration
Parts Used
Child Health

Skin rash in children


Prepare extract of secretion from stipes (slender stalk/stems) & drink. (See NOTES)

Stipes (exudate/ secretion) Z

Pruritis/ rash


Add secretion from stipes (slender stalk/stems) to extract made of Cichorium intybus root in "araq" + "khaqshir" (Sisymbrium sp. synonym of Descurainia sopia.) + "folus" (Cassia fistula) & apply to affected skin. (See NOTES 2)

Stipes (exudate/ secretion) Z



Three preparations are used A,B & C: A. Cook together secretion of stipes (slender stalk/stems) + " taranjamin" (Alhagi sp.) + "gole gavzabon" (Anchusa azurea) (See NOTES 3) + "nilufar" (Nymphaea sp.) + "shirsh qosani" (Cichorium sp.) (See NOTES 4) + "turjadaza" (Solanum nigrum) (See CAUTIONS for Solanum. nigrum); pour extract of this stew onto Cassia fistula & add almond oil. B. Swallow a small live or fresh fish every morning. Afterwards drink A x1 every 5 days. C. Eat a lot of watermelon together with drink A.

Stipes (exudate/ secretion) Z
Infectious Diseases



There are three prepartions for this complaint A, B & C: A. Cook Solanum nigrum in water (See CAUTIONS for this plant) + Viola odorata + Nymphaea alba + Cichorium root. B. Cook Cassia fistula + Alhagi sp. + almond oil. C. Cook as in B , but add secretion from stipes (slender stalk stems) of Cotoneaster nummularia. Drink A for 3 days morning & evening. If no improvement, drink B. As a final treatment drink C. (See NOTES 2)

Stipes (exudate/ secretion) Z

Fever & colds

Anti-Infective, Anti-pyretic

Cook secretion from stipes (slender stalk/stems) in water & drink. (See NOTES)

Stipes (exudate/ secretion) Z

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1. Z notes the Persian name for this species "shir-hisht" means dried milk & that the smell repells insects.
2. Stipes used in several recipes are stalks in flowering plants supporting some other structure e.g. a flower`s ovary.
3. In the recipe for jaundice Z identifies the ingredient "gole gavzabon" as the Persian name for Anchusa azurea.
4. In the same recipe Z identifies the ingredient "shirsh qosani" as Cichorium sp. This is not the Arabic name but is similar to Persian, Urdu & Sanskrit names for this plant ("kasni", "kasani )


Cotoneaster genus has some species that may contain cyanogenic glycosides. Release of cyanide during plant processing can lead to cyanide poisoning & acute intoxication characterized by growth retardation & neurological symptoms resulting from tissue damage in the Central Nervous System.